Comparative analysis of carbohydrate residues in the midgut of phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) from colony and field populations from Amazon, Brazil
Oliveira, Davi Marcos Souza de
Silva, Bruno José Martins da
Sena, Chubert Bernardo Castro de
Lima, José Aprígio Nunes
Santos, Thiago Vasconcelos dos
Silveira, Fernando Tobias
Silva, Edilene Oliveira
Leishmaniasis are worldwide diseases that occur in 98 countries including Brazil, transmitted by the bite of female phlebotomines during blood feeding. In Brazil it is known that some species of sand flies as Lutzomyia longipalpis sensun latum (vector of Leishmania infantum chagasi), Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (vector of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis) and Lutzomyia antunesi [suspected vector of Leishmania (Viannia) lindenbergi] are incriminated of transmitting the parasite Leishmania for the vertebrate host. The phlebotomine-parasite is mediated by the attachment of the promastigote lipophosphoglycan (LPG) to the midgut epithelium. However, another mechanism that is LPG-independent and mediated by Nacetyl-galactosamine (GalNAc) seems to occur in some species of phlebotomines that are classified as permissive. The aim of this study was to characterize the carbohydrate residues that, probably, play a role in parasite attachment to the midgut of phlebotomine from colony and field populations from the Brazilian Amazonian region. We observed the presence of GalNAc, mannose, galactose and GlcNAc in all phlebotomine species. A binding assay between L. (L.) amazonensis and L. i.chagasi to the midguts of different species of phlebotomines was performed. The attachment of both Leishmania and vector species.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationOLIVEIRA, Davi Marcos Souza de et al. Comparative analysis of carbohydrate residues in the midgut of phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) from colony and field populations from Amazon, Brazil. Experimental Parasitology, v. 168, p. 31-38, Sept. 2016.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryLeishmania / fisiologia
Psychodidae / fisiologia
Carboidratos / análise
Glicoconjugados / metabolismo