Comparative cytogenetics between two important songbird, models: the Zebra Finch and the Canary
Santos, Michelly da Silva dos
O' Brien, Patricia C. M
Ferguson-Smith, Malcolm A
Oliveira, Edivaldo Herculano Correa de
Songbird species (order Passeriformes, suborder Oscines) are important models in various experimental fields spanning behavioural genomics to neurobiology. Although the genomes of some songbird species were sequenced recently, the chromosomal organization of these species is mostly unknown. Here we focused on the two most studied songbird species in neuroscience, the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) and the canary (Serinus canaria). In order to clarify these issues and also to integrate chromosome data with their assembled genomes, we used classical and molecular cytogenetics in both zebra finch and canary to define their chromosomal homology, localization of heterochromatic blocks and distribution of rDNA clusters. We confirmed the same diploid number (2n = 80) in both species, as previously reported. FISH experiments confirmed the occurrence of multiple paracentric and pericentric inversions previously found in other species of Passeriformes, providing a cytogenetic signature for this order, and corroborating data from in silico analyses. Additionally, compared to other Passeriformes, we detected differences in the zebra finch karyotype concerning the morphology of some chromosomes, in the distribution of 5S rDNA clusters, and an inversion in chromosome 1.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationSANTOS, Michelly da Silva dos et al. Comparative cytogenetics between two important songbird, models: the Zebra Finch and the Canary. PLoS One, v. 12, n. 1, 2017.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryAves Canoras / anatomia & histologia