Prevalence of occult hepatitis B in a population from the Brazilian Amazon region
Sant'Anna, Carla de Castro
Almeida, Marcella Kelly Costa de
Oliveira, Roseane Gomes de
Baraúna, Anna Rafaella Ferreira
Gonçalvez, Evonnildo Costa
Silva, Andrea Marinho da
Pereira, Carolina de Souza
Martins, Luisa Caricio
In the present study, we evaluated the prevalence of occult hepatitis B (OBI) in a population from the Brazilian Amazon region, identify circulating genotypes, and mutations in the S gene. One hundred eighty-one patients with negative serology for HBsAg and anti-HBs and positive serology for anti-HBc participated in the study. Detection of viral DNA, genotyping by sequencing, and analysis of nucleotide sequences to detect possible mutations were performed. HBV DNA was detected in 14.36% of the patients. Genotyping revealed genotype A in 88.46% of HBV DNA-positive subjects, with subgenotype A1 being the most prevalent (78.26%) followed by subgenotype A2 (21.74%). Genotype F was detected in 11.54% (all of them subgenotype F2). Amino acid substitutions were observed in the amplified S gene in individuals with OBI compared to HBsAg-positive individuals (evident infection). In conclusion, the results show a high prevalence of OBI in the population studied, with a pattern of genotypes A and F that circulate in the Brazilian Amazon region. Amino acid substitutions were detected in part of the S gene in patients with OBI. Further studies on the molecular epidemiology of HBV in this region are important to identify patients considered healthy but who are potential transmitters of the disease.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationSANT'ANNA, Carla de Castro et al. Prevalence of occult hepatitis B in a population from the Brazilian Amazon region. Journal of Medical Virology, v. 90, n. 6, p. 1063-1070, June 2018.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryHepatite B / diagnóstico
Hepatite B / epidemiologia
Técnicas de Genotipagem / metódos
Vírus da Hepatite B
Mutagênese / genética