Quantitative and molecular analysis of noroviruses RNA in blood from children hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis in Belém, Brazil
Fumian, Tulio Machado
Justino, Maria Cleonice Aguiar
Mascarenhas, Joana D'Arc Pereira
Reymão, Tammy K. A
Linhares, Alexandre da Costa
Gabbay, Yvone Benchimol
Background: Noroviruses (NoVs) are a common cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and until now, littleis known about its ability to spread outside the gut. Objectives: We aim to investigate the role of NoVs causing viremia in children hospitalized for AGE, aswell as to correlate the presence of NoVs RNA in serum with clinical severity and stool viral load. Study design: Paired stool and serum samples were collected from 85 pediatric patients under 6 years hospitalized for AGE from March to September 2012 in Belém, Brazil. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (EIA) and reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) were used to detect and quantify NoVs, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of the partial ORF2 region was used to genotype the strains detected. Results: NoVs were detected in 34.1 per cent (29/85) of stool samples. By qRT-PCR, we found a high rate of NoVsÆ RNA in serum samples (34.5 per cent) among NoVs-positive AGE cases, and was associated with a longer hospitalization (6.5 vs. 4.0 days; p = 0.006), as well as with a higher stool viral load (3.9 Î 1011vs. 1.1 Î 1011GC/g; p = 0.0472). NoVs strains were classified as GII.4 (90 per cent of genotyped strains) and GII.7(10 per cent). The same genotype was found in paired stool and serum samples. Conclusion: Detection and molecular characterization of NoVs GII in paired stool and serum samples suggest that the dissemination of NoVs to the blood stream is not uncommon, but the role of viruses spread outside the gut and the relationship with disease severity need to be further addressed.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationFUMIAN, Tulio Machado et al. Quantitative and molecular analysis of noroviruses RNA in blood from children hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis in Belém, Brazil. Journal of Clinical Virology, v. 58, n. 1, p. 31-35, June 2013.