The inflammasome in leprosy skin lesions: an immunohistochemical evaluation
Silva, Luciana Mota
Sousa, Jorge Rodrigues de
Hirai, Kelly Emi
Dias Junior, Leônidas Braga
Furlaneto, Ismari Perini
Carneiro, Francisca Regina Oliveira
Aarão, Tinara Leila de Souza
Sotto, Mirian Nacagami
Quaresma, Juarez Antônio Simões
Objective: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease presenting with a spectrum of clinical manifestations that correspond to the type of immune response that develops in the host. Factors that may be involved in this process include inflammasomes, cytosolic proteins responsible for the activation of caspase 1, IL-1β and IL-18 secretion, and induction of a type of death called pyroptosis. Patients and methods: We evaluated the expression of inflammasome markers (nucleotidebinding oligomerization domain-like receptor containing pyrin domain 1 [NLRP1], nucleotidebinding oligomerization domain-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 [NLRP3], caspase 1, IL-1β, and IL-18) by immunohistochemistry in 43 samples of skin lesions of leprosy patients from the groups indeterminate (I) leprosy (13 patients), tuberculoid (TT) leprosy (15 patients), and lepromatous leprosy (LL; 15 patients). Results: The evaluated markers were most upregulated in LL lesions, followed by lesions of TT leprosy and I leprosy. Differences were statistically significant between the I leprosy and LL leprosy forms and between the I leprosy and TT leprosy forms. Positive and significant correlations were found between IL-18 and caspase 1 in LL (r=0.7516, P=0.0012) and TT leprosy (r=0.7366, P=0.0017). In I leprosy, correlations were detected between caspase 1 and IL-1β (r=0.6412, P=0.0182), NLRP1 and IL-18 (r=0.5585, P=0.473), NLRP3 and IL-18 (r=0.6873, P=0.0094), and NLRP1 and NLRP3 (r=0.8040, P=0.0009). Conclusion: The expression of inflammasome markers in LL lesions indicates the ineffectiveness of this protein complex in controlling the infection. Caspase 1 may be involved in the pyroptotic cell death in the lepromatous form of the disease. Inflammasomes may act together in the initial phase of I leprosy; this phenomenon may influence the clinical outcome of the disease.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationSILVA, Luciana Mota et al. The inflammasome in leprosy skin lesions: an immunohistochemical evaluation. Infection and Drug Resistance, v. 11, p. 2231-2240, 2018.
Mycobacterium leprae / patogenicidade