An epidemic of yellow fever in Central Brazil, 1972-1973. I. Epidemiological studies
Pinheiro Filho, Francisco de Paula
Rosa, Amélia Paes de Andrade Travassos da
Moraes, Mário Augusto Pinto de
Almeida Neto, Joaquim C
Filgueiras, José P
An epidemic of jungle yellow rever occurred in Goiás State, Brazil, between December 1972 and March 1973. Laboratory confirmed cases were observed in 36 counties located in the central and southern parts of the State. Seventy-one cases were proved, of which 44 were fatal. The diagnosis was made on the basis of pathology, serology, and virus isolation. Besides yellow fever, malaria and viral hepatitis were present, and in two fatal cases there was malarial pigment in the liver in addition to the specific lesions associated with yellow rever virus infection. The fact that male patients strikingly outnumbered females (9: 1) and that young adults were predominantly affected indicates that transmission occurred mainly inside or adjacent to the forests. The lack of cases in urban aieas can be attributed to the absence of Aedes aegypti in these areas. Yellow rever complement-fixing antibody in high titers was found in 18 of 1,201 (1.4%) persons living in eight counties of the affected area. This finding suggests that at least 21,000 persons out of the 1.5 million rural inhabitants of the three districts where the epidemic occurred had been infected by the virus. The epidemic subsided following an intensive vaccination campaign, and the last four cases were observed in March 1973.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationPINHEIRO FILHO, Francisco de Paula et al. An epidemic of yellow fever in Central Brazil, 1972-1973. I. Epidemiological studies. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, v. 27, n. 1, p. 125-132, 1978.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryFebre Amarela / epidemiologia
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