Karyotype evolution and distinct evolutionary history of the W chromosomes in swallows (Aves, Passeriformes)
Barcelos, S. A
Souza, M. S. de
Costa, A. L
Degrandi, T. M
Santos, M. S. dos
Oliveira, Edivaldo Herculano Correa de
Cioffi, M. B
Gunski, R. J
Garnero, A. D. V
As in many other bird groups, data on karyotype organization and distribution of repetitive sequences are also lacking in species belonging to the family Hirundinidae. Thus, in the present study, we analyzed the karyotypes of 3 swallow species (Progne tapera, Progne chalybea, and Pygochelidon cyanoleuca) by Giemsa and AgNOR staining, C-banding, and FISH with 11 microsatellite sequences. The diploid chromosome number was 2n = 76 in all 3 species, and NORs were observed in 2 chromosome pairs each. The microsatellite distribution pattern was similar in both Progne species, whereas P. cyanoleuca presented a distinct organization. These repetitive DNA sequences were found in the centromeric, pericentromeric, and telomeric regions of the macrochromosomes, as well as in 2 interstitial blocks in the W chromosome. Most microchromosomes had mainly telomeric signals. The Z chromosome displayed 1 hybridization signal in P. tapera but none in the other species. In contrast, the W chromosome showed an accumulation of different microsatellite sequences. The swallow W chromosome is larger than that of most Passeriformes. The observed enlargement in chromosome size might be explained by these high amounts of repetitive sequences. In sum, our data highlight the significant role that microsatellite sequences may play in sex chromosome differentiation.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationBARCELOS, S. A. et al. Karyotype evolution and distinct evolutionary history of the W chromosomes in swallows (Aves, Passeriformes). Cytogenetic and Genome Research, v. xx, n. xx, p.xx, June 2019.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryAndorinhas / genética
Aves / classificação
Mapeamento Físico do Cromossomo
Repetições de Microssatélites / genética