Scanning electron microscopy of sand flies of the Chagasi series, Psychodopygus (Diptera: Psychodidae) genus, focusing on the genitalia
Godoy, Rodrigo Espíndola
Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira
Mallet, Jacenir Reis dos Santos
Santos, Thiago Vasconcelos dos
Barata, Iorlando da Rocha
Pessoa, Felipe Arley costa
Cunha, Alda Eunice Farias Lobato da
Vilela, Maurício Luiz
Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi
Males of cryptic or closely related species present great morphological variation in their genitalia, whereas females, such as those of the Chagasi Series of the Psychodopygus Mangabeira, 1941 genus, are more similar. Therefore, our aim was to study the fine structure of the male genitalia of five species of the Chagasi Series to better understand the variation in their morphology and its influence on the copulatory process. The sand fly species were captured in the following Brazilian states: Psychodopygus chagasi (Costa Lima, 1941) (Rondônia), Psychodopygus complexus (Mangabeira, 1941) (Tocantins), Psychodopygus squamiventris maripaensis (Floch & Abonnenc, 1946) (Amapá), Psychodopygus squamiventris squamiventris (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Amazonas), and Psychodopygus wellcomei Fraiha, Shaw & Lainson, 1971 (Pará and Ceará). Insects were stored in ethanol 70% (then dehydrated) and dry after they were sputtered with gold. The samples were observed under a scanning electron microscope. Microtrichiae, two types of trichoid sensilla, coeloconic and chaetic sensillae, were observed on the antenna of all species, with no difference between them. Only on the anepimeron of P. squamiventris squamiventris a modified ‘racket’-like scale was observed. As for the male genitalia, the setae and structures of each species were fully described, such as the small setae on the paramere apex of the P. squamiventris subspecies, and the grooves present in this region and on the paramere lobe of P. complexus and P. wellcomei, which are impossible to observe with optic microscopy. New information is thus provided on the male genitalia, which can contribute to future bionomic studies of these species.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationGODOY, Rodrigo Espíndola et al. Scanning electron microscopy of sand flies of the Chagasi series, Psychodopygus (Diptera: Psychodidae) genus, focusing on the genitalia. Journal of Medical Entomology, v. 57, n. 1, p. 62-103, Jan. 2020.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryPsychodidae / anatomia & histologia
Genitália Masculina / parasitologia
Microscopia / métodos