Prevalence and risk indicators of non-carious cervical lesions in male footballers
Medeiros, Tamea Lacerda Monteiro
Mutran, Sheila Cristina Almeida Neves
Espinosa, Daybelis González
Faial, Kelson do Carmo Freitas
Pinheiro, Helder Henrique Costa
Couto, Roberta Souza D'Almeida
Background: Non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) have shown a significant incidence and prevalence and have been increasingly associated with people’s lifestyles and youths. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of NCCLs in footballers and to address potential risk indicators. Methods: Fourty-three male semi-professional footballers with an average of 27 years old completed a questionnaire and were subjected to intraoral examination in terms of cervical tooth wear, morphological characteristics of NCCLs, tooth sensitivity, occlusal/incisal wear, and malocclusion classification. Also, laboratory assays were performed to determine salivary parameters: flow rate, pH, buffer capacity, level of Ca (calcium), Na (sodium), and K (potassium) ions, and level of cortisol. The data obtained from the questionnaire and intraoral examinations were subjected to Chi-square and Poisson regression models while the data obtained from the laboratory assays were analyzed by using analysis of variance (p < 0.05). Results: The prevalence of NCCLs was 39.5%. The participants presented predominantly initial lesions with signs of mechanical stress. The daily training time was found as a significant risk indicator (p = 0.028). The multivariate analysis showed a significant difference in the variables daily training time (p = 0.023), lemon water intake while fasting (p = 0.002), toothpaste type (p = 0.004), tooth sensitivity (p = 0.006); previous orthodontic treatment (p = 0.003), and occlusion type (p = 0.008). All participants presented normal salivary parameters and levels of cortisol. Conclusion: The prevalence of NCCLs among footballers was remarkable. The premolars were the most affected teeth and presented symptoms/signs of initial lesions. The daily training time was a dominant risk indicator of NCCLs development. Footballers presented adequate salivary parameters and cortisol levels.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationMEDEIROS, Tamea Lacerda Monteiro et al. Prevalence and risk indicators of non-carious cervical lesions in male footballers, v. 20, n. 215, p. 1-9, 2020.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryTraumatismos em Atletas
Lesões do Pescoço
Dentina / lesões
Dentina / anatomia & histologia
Saliva / fisiologia