In silico improvement of the cyanobacterial lectin microvirin and mannose interaction
Lima, Adonis de Melo
Siqueira, Andrei Santos
Moller, Marina Luiza Saraiva
Souza, Rafael Conceição de
Cruz, Joddy Neves
Lima, Alex Ranieri Jerônimo
Silva, Ronaldo Correia da
Aguiar, Délia Cristina Figueira
Vianez Júnior, João Lídio da Silva Gonçalves
Gonçalves, Evonnildo Costa
Lectins that bind to HIV envelope glycoprotein can inhibit virus-cell fusion and be used for rational drug design. This paper presents the results of anin silicoapproach to improve affinity interaction between the cyanobacterial lectin microvirin and its ligand Man alpha(1-2)Man. Comparative modeling and molecular dynamics tools were used. Additionally, the alanine scanning webserver was used to study the importance of protein residues in the binding site and to guide mutant production. The model obtained presented two homologous domains designated as domains A and B, each consisting of a single strand with triple and antiparallel beta-sheets of (beta 1-beta 3 and beta 6-beta 8). Disulfide bonds between the cysteines (Cys60-Cys80, Cys63-Cys78 and Cys8-Cys24) were also found. The highly conserved binding site, including residues Asn44, Ile45, Asp46, Gln54, Asn55, Glu58, Thr59, Gln81, Thr82 and Met83. The RMSD values of the di-mannose and the interaction site were very stable during the molecular dynamics. Calculations of the occupation time of the hydrogen bonds were made for the residues that showed interaction in the complex lectin and ligand. The residue that contributed most to the interaction with Man alpha(1-2)Man was Asn55. After validation, the model generated remained stable during the entire simulation. Despite its structural similarity with the template we used, our mutant (Thr82Arg) showed a higher affinity interaction with Man alpha(1-2)Man.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationLIMA, Adonis de Melo et al. In silico improvement of the cyanobacterial lectin microvirin and mannose interaction. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, v. xx. n. xx, p. xx, Sept. 2020.
Lectina de Ligação a Manose
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular