Current understanding of the role of cholesterol in the life cycle of Alphaviruses
Sousa Jr, Ivanildo P
Carvalho, Carlos A. M
Gomes, Andre M. O
Enveloped viruses rely on different lipid classes present in cell membranes to accomplish several steps of their life cycle in the host. Particularly for alphaviruses, a medically important group of arboviruses, which are part of the Togaviridae family, cholesterol seems to be a critical lipid exploited during infection, although its relevance may vary depending on which stage of the virus life cycle is under consideration and whether infection takes place in vertebrate or invertebrate hosts. In this review, the role of cholesterol in both early and late events of alphavirus infection and how viral replication may affect cholesterol metabolism are summarized, taking into account studies on Old World and New World alphaviruses in different cell lines. Moreover, the importance of cholesterol for the structural stability of alphavirus particles is also discussed, shedding light on the role played by this lipid when they leave the host cell.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationSOUSA JR., Ivanildo P.; CARVALHO, Carlos A. M.; GOMES, Andre M. O. Current understanding of the role of cholesterol in the life cycle of Alphaviruses. Viruses, v. 13, n. 1, p. 1-12, 2021.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryAlphavirus / patogenicidade
Colesterol / análise
Infecções por Alphavirus / sangue