The burden of norovirus disease in children: a multi-country study in Chile, Brazil, Thailand and the Philippines
Safadi, Marco Aurelio
Linhares, Alexandre da Costa
Background: Noroviruses (NoVs) cause acute gastroenteritis (AGE) worldwide, affecting children in particular. We aimed to estimate the burden of disease due to NoV among children aged <6 years in Brazil, Chile, Philippines and Thailand. Methods: This was a prospective, hospital-based, observational study. Children were recruited over one year between 2014 and 2017. Four cohorts were analysed: community-acquired AGE outpatients and inpatients, nosocomial AGE inpatients, and asymptomatic outpatients. We collected demographic and clinical data, and a stool sample that was tested for NoV. Positive samples were tested for Rotavirus (RV) and NoV-genotyped. Disease severity was assessed by the Vesikari and modified Vesikari scores. Prevalence and incidence of NoV-AGE were estimated by cohort and country. Results: 1637 participants yielded valid laboratory results. The proportion of NoV-positive cases was 23.8% (95% CI 20.8-27.2) in the outpatient cohort, 17.9% (15.0-21.3) in the hospital cohort, 21.4% (12.7-33.8) in the nosocomial cohort and 9.6% (6.9-13.2) in the asymptomatic cohort. Genotype GII.4 was predominant (58%). Less than 4% samples had RV coinfection. In general, NoV-positive subjects had more severe presentations than NoV-negative subjects. Conclusions: NoV caused AGE with substantial burden throughout the studied settings, with higher relative frequency in Brazil where RV vaccination coverage is high.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationSAFADI, Marco Aurelio et al. The burden of norovirus disease in children: a multi-country study in Chile, Brazil, Thailand and the Philippines. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, v. xx, n.xx, p. xx, June 2021.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryNorovirus / patogenicidade
Infecções por Caliciviridae / virologia
Gastroenterite / virologia