Association between vitamin D serum levels and clinical, laboratory, and parasitological parameters in patients with malaria from an endemic area of the Amazon
Setto, Janaina Maria
Libonati, Rosana Maria Feio
Ventura, Ana Maria Revorêdo da Silva
Chaves, Tânia do Socorro Souza
Sequeira, Carina Guilhon
Martins Filho, Arnaldo Jorge
Machado, Ricardo Luiz Dantas
Franceschin, Sylvia do Carmo Castro
Barreto, Jéssica Thuanny Teixeira
Background: Some studies have suggested the importance of vitamin D [25(OH)D] in malaria clinical practice. The prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency in the Amazon population is not well known, and there are few studies in patients with malaria. This study aimed to evaluate 25(OH) D serum levels in patients with malaria and determine their relationships with epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and parasitemia data. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study of 123 patients with malaria and 122 individuals without malaria was performed in Itaituba, Pará, Brazil, from January 2018 to October 2019, by evaluating sociodemographic, clinical-epidemiological, parasitological, and laboratory data and adopting a 5% significance level. Parametric tests (Student's t-test), non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney U), and Spearman’s correlation ([rs ], for non-parametric variables) were used according to the nature of the distribution of the variables. For the qualitative variables, Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and the G test were used. Spearman's correlation was used to compare the results of the 25(OH)D levels and blood counts performed among patients and the control group. Results: Malaria patients residing in a mining area had 25(OH)D serum levels that were significantly lower than those in the control group residing in the mining area, though both were within normal levels. Red blood cell counts had an inverse correlation with parasitemia (Plasmodium falciparum), and platelet levels had an inverse correlation with parasitemia (Plasmodium vivax). 25(OH)D deficiency was evidenced in Itaituba, in the state of Pará, which is an endemic area of malaria in the Amazon region.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationSETTO, Janaina Maria et al. Association between vitamin D serum levels and clinical, laboratory, and parasitological parameters in patients with malaria from an endemic area of the Amazon. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, v. 55, n. e 0077-2021, p. 1-7, 2022.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryMalária / patologia
Colecalciferol / deficiência
Deficiência de Vitamina D