Pneumocystis and histoplasma infections in wild animals from the Amazon region of Brazil
Shaw, Jeffrey Jon
Routine examination of tissues from wild forest rodents from Amapá, north Brazil, revealed Pneumocystis carinii in lung smears from a newly captured Oryzomys capito (Cricetidae). Acute, fatal infections with this parasite are also recorded in a number of captive coatimundis , Nasua narica (Carnivora: Procyonidae) and a sloth, Bradypus tridactylus (Edentata). Pneumocystis was also encountered in lung smears from a newly captured and apparently healthy sloth, Choloepus didactylus. The presence of infection in newly captured animals leads us to believe that the fatal, fulminating pneumocystosis seen in the captive Nasuaand Bradypus was due to exacerbation of pre-existant infections acquired in their natural forest environment. Pneumocystis carinii is a well known cause of fatal, interstitial plasma-cell pneumonia in human infants and sometimes the weakened adult: the keeping of exotic pets such as the coatimundi is, therefore, not without some hazard in this respect.Histoplasma, another well known pathogen for man, was isolated from 4 rodents, Proechimys guyanensis (Echimyidae), all from virgin forest along the newly opened Trans Amazon Highway, Pará State, and from a single sloth, Choloepus didactylus, from near Belém, Pará. All these animals showed no symptoms of infection: isolation of the parasite was made by the inoculation of laboratory hamsters with saline suspensions of triturated liver and spleen.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationLAINSON, Ralph; SHAW, Jeffrey Jon. Pneumocystis and histoplasma infections in wild animals from the Amazon region of Brazil. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, v. 69, n. 5/6, p. 505-507, 1975.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-decsPrimaryHistoplasma / isolamento & purificação
Pneumocystis carinii / patogenicidade
Infecções por Pneumocystis / parasitologia
Pneumocystis / patogenicidade
Histoplasma / patogenicidade
Infecções por Pneumocystis / transmissão