Molecular characterization of TP53 gene in human populations exposed to low-dose Ionizing radiation
Costa, Igor Brasil
Alencar, Dayse Oliveira de
Moraes, Milene Raiol
Pessoa, Igor A
Brito, Alexandre W. M
Jati, Schneyder R
Santos, Sidney E. B
Burbano, Rommel M. R
Santos, Andrea Kely Campos Ribeiro dos
Ionizing radiation, such as that emitted by uranium, may cause mutations and consequently lead to neoplasia in human cells. The TP53 gene acts to maintain genomic integrity and constitutes an important biomarker of susceptibility. The present study investigated themain alterations observed in exons 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 of the TP53 gene and adjacent introns in Amazonian populations exposed to radioactivity. Samples were collected from 163 individuals. Occurrence of the following alterations was observed: (i) a missense exchange in exon 4 (Arg72Pro); (ii) 2 synonymous exchanges, 1 in exon 5 (His179His), and another in exon 6 (Arg213Arg); (iii) 4 intronic exchanges, 3 in intron 7 (C - T at position 13.436; C - T at position 13.491; T - G at position 13.511) and 1in intron 8 (T - G at position 13.958). Alteration of codon 72 was found to be an important risk factor for cancer development (P = 0.024; OR = 6.48; CI: 1.29¨C32.64) when adjusted for age and smoking.Thus, TP53 gene may be an important biomarker for carcinogenesis susceptibility in human populations exposed to ionizing radiation.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationCOSTA, Igor Brasil et al. Molecular characterization of TP53 gene in human populations exposed to low-dose Ionizing radiation. BioMed Research International, v. 2013, p. 1-9, 2013.
Mutação / efeitos de radiação
Genes Neoplásicos / efeitos de radiação